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Chapter 18 - Why the Coal-Miners Should Join Coal-Mine Workers' Industrial Union No 220 of the Industrial Workers of the World

AT THE 1919 convention of the United Mine Workers of America an amendment to their constitution was adopted, which "outlawed" the I. W. W. and all other dual unions. The amendment reads as follows: "Any member of the United Mine Workers of America accepting membership in the Industrial Workers of the World, The Working Class Union, or The One Big Union, or any other dual organization not affiliated with the American Federation of Labor, or membership in the National Chamber of Commerce, shall be expelled from the U. M. W.

Chapter 16 - The Proposed Nationalization of the Coal-Mines

THE LAST two conventions of the United Mine Workers of America (1919-1921) some so-called radical resolutions have been adopted, in favor of recognizing free Russia and free Ireland, the repeal of the espionage law, the release of political prisoners, etc. These resolutions are allowed to pass without much friction, being that they mean so little in fact but such a lot to the "radicals." It is the method adopted, in order to allow the radicals to "blow off steam," so they will not after that interfere with the practical work of the convention.

Chapter 15 - The False Argument of the Operators

THE FALSE and hypocritical argument indulged in by the "operators" of the coal-mines, as well as of other capitalists, is well typified by the argument put up in favor of wage reduction in the report of the Washington State Coal Commission of June 30, 1921. This is written by the government "expert," who incidentally also is president of a coal operators' association.

Chapter 14 - How is the Product of the Coal-Mine Workers Divided?

Rent, Interest, Profit and Wages—The Hours and Days Worked

Chapter 13 - Relative Importance of Union and Non-Union Fields

THE FOLLOWING table was prepared by the U. S. Geological Survey, at the request of the operators. It was compiled for the purpose of ascertaining the strength of the miners' union in the 1919 strike. As will be seen, union coal is 71.6 per cent of the whole, while non-union coal is 28.4 per cent. These figures agree pretty closely with the estimate that about three-fourths of the 800,000 coal miners are organized, while the unorganized would be one-fourth or about 200,000.

Chapter 12 - The International Miners' Federation

THERE is in existence an International Miners' Federation which has, so far, held twenty-five international congresses. The last one was held in Geneva, Switzerland, August 2-6, 1921. The United Mine Workers of America belong to that Federation and were represented by one delegate in Geneva.

Representation at this congress was as follows :

  Number of members

Number of delegates

Chapter 11 - The United Mine Workers of America

THE COMPROMISE effected between the National Progressive Union and Trades Assembly No. 135 of the Knights of Labor at Indianapolis on January 25, 1890, when the United Mine Workers of America was formed, did not awaken the American coal-miners to a sense of national unity. The intelligence of the world's workers had not yet been sufficiently leavened by socialist and syndicalist agitation and education.

Chapter 10 - The Struggle Towards Organization Among the Coal-Mine Workers

NO GREATER MISTAKE could be made than to consider the United Mine Workers of America as an artificial product, gotten together by orders from A. F. of L. headquarters or from United Mine Workers headquarters.

Chapter 9 - Can the Coal-Miners of the United States Get Justice Through Political Action?

JUST as the American seamen have their "Seaman's Bill" (or Seaman's pill, as it is usually called) and have spent $40,000.00 up to date in a vain attempt to have its questionable benefits enforced, according to the financial reports of their decaying craft union, so the coal-miners also have their "coal-miners' bills," which also deserve the name of pills, bitter rather than sweet. There are such laws as the 8-hour law, the anti-script law, the company store law, the mine-sprinkling law, the check-weighman law, etc.


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